The FIM has released updated homologation rules for World Superbike earlier today.

On the surface, it seem the regulations have shut down "vapor bikes" from new manufacturers -- bikes that have been announced but are not yet for sale. The rules require at least 125 units have been built before the homologation can take place.

Also, World Superbike is moving even more towards production racing. For 2010 and beyond, the new regs require 3000 examples per year for a machine to be eligible for Word Superbike. At times in the past, this number has been as low as 150 for some smaller manufacturers -- although it makes interesting conjecture if certain manufacturers (cough, Petronas, cough) ever did.

Here are the new rules:

2.9 FIM HOMOLOGATION PROCEDURE FOR SUPERSTOCK, SUPERSPORT AND SUPERBIKE MOTORCYCLES

-Homologation is the official assessment made by the FIM for a particular model of motorcycle that a sufficient number of series production motorcycles have been built and put on sale to the public to justify classification in the relevant Sport Production class.

2.9.1 REQUIREMENTS FOR AN FIM HOMOLOGATION

Application

Any manufacturer of mass production motorcycles may apply for a FIM homologation of one or more of his models in order to qualify for competing in the Road Racing Superbike & Supersport World Championship and the Superstock World Cup as long as the model belongs to one of these classes.

Eligibility requirements

-Motorcycles must have a valid international homologation for road use or a national homologation for road use obtained in one of the signatory countries of the 1968 Vienna Convention.

-The motorcycles must represent machines of mass production.

-The motorcycles must be of current production.

-The motorcycles are to be sold for every day use.

-At the time of the FIM inspection for homologation, the motorcycles must be completely equipped with all road-using equipment. (e.g. full lighting equipment).

-Only the original manufacturer may present the motorcycle for homologation.

-The manufacturer must be a holder of an FIM licence for manufacturers.

-If the motorcycle is presented with an engine from a motorcycle manufacturer different from the manufacturer requesting the homologation, a permission or commercial agreement must be presented at the time of the homologation request.

-The motorcycle must have a manufacturer's certificate of origin.

N.B: If for marketing reasons or legal requirements, another type of carburetion instruments is fitted to the model in a particular geographical area, these instruments must be replaced for competition by the homologated carburation instrument.

2.9.2 MINIMUM PRODUCTION QUANTITIES AND MARKET AVAILABILITY

The minimum required production quantities consist of units with identical equipment intended for sale to customers.
Evidence of production quantities must be certified by the manufacturer's auditing firm and/or any other institution which may provide reliable documentation. This certificate must be written in English or French and the model/type must be specified. Market Availability and sale to the public may be demonstrated by waybills, bills of lading and/or any other import, export or customs documents duly certified by the relevant authority.

2.9.2.1 FIRST TIME APPLICATION FOR HOMOLOGATION

A manufacturer requesting a homologation for the very first time in its existence must follow the procedure below.

-The manufacturer must have produced at least a quantity of 125 motorcycles prior to the homologation inspection. The motorcycle must be on sale to the public at that time.

-The minimum quantity of 500 units must be reached by the end of September of the current year.

-The minimum quantity of 1000 units must be reached by the end of December of the current year.

-From 2010 onwards the minimum quantity will be 3000 units.

-All motorcycles must be identical to the model to be homologated with the same specifications.

-Proof of production quantities must be provided by certified documentation as stated in Article 2.9.2.

-The FIM will withdraw the homologation if these rules are not respected.

2.9.2.2 SUBSEQUENT HOMOLOGATIONS

A manufacturer who has previously homologated a motorcycle and is requesting a homologation must follow the procedure below:

-The manufacturer must have produced at least a quantity of 250 motorcycles prior to the homologation inspection. The motorcycle must be on sale to the public at that time.

-The minimum quantity of 1000 units must be reached by the end of June of the current year.

-From 2010 onwards the minimum quantity will be 3000 units.

-All motorcycles must be identical to the model to be homologated with the same specifications.

-Proof of production quantities must be provided by certified documentation as stated in Article 2.9.2.

-The FIM will withdraw the homologation if these rules are not respected.

2.9.5 CALENDAR FOR APPLICATIONS, SUBMISSIONS &
PUBLICATIONS


-A homologation inspection is a complete verification and check of all drawings of to the corresponding parts, as well as the documentation for the necessary minimum quantities. These checks will be carried out by the FIM.

-The deadline for receiving requests for homologation at the FIM CCR Secretariat is 60 days before the homologation inspection is to take place.

-A newly homologated motorcycle model may race in the FIM Championship events 30 days following the inspection for homologation, provided that the homologation was granted.

-Motorcycles homologated by January 31st may be used in the first race of the season even if the event is less than 30 days following the inspection provided that a homologation was granted.

-At the latest four (4) weeks before the inspection for homologation by the FIM, manufacturers are required to send by e-mail the completed and signed Homologation forms 1, 2 and 3, together with all relating documentation and drawings to the FIM CCR Secretariat (with the exception of workshop manuals, that can be delivered when they are released to the importers). Missing or incomplete documents and/or drawings will postpone the homologation inspection until a full corrected set is available. The documents and drawings have to be sent in paper and in electronic form (*.pdf, *.jpg, *.doc ,*.txt to ccr@fim.ch and cti@fim.ch)

-At the latest 3 days before the date of the inspection, manufacturers must ensure that the parts requested by FIM are received at the indicated place which will be in a European country.

-At the latest within 3 days before the date of the inspection by the FIM, manufacturers are required to send to the FIM by e-mail, proof of production quantities of the first lot of motorcycles, according to Art. 2.9.2.

-If the inspection fails, the homologation is postponed until the established shortcomings have been resolved and at least for one (1) month.

-The homologation forms will be studied by the CCR Technical Members and the FIM CTI Secretariat, to confirm that they are complete and correct prior to granting the homologation.

-The manufacturer shall at all times be responsible for completing the homologation documents with the correct information. All dimensions must be given according to the metric system, excluding wheel dimensions, and with the required tolerances.

-The manufacturer is entitled to request a notice in order to know whether the documents and drawings submitted by him are formally correct two (2) weeks before the homologation inspection date.

-At the latest within fifteen (15) days after having successfully passed the homologation inspection, an updated list of the valid homologations is published including the new homologation.

-Within 21 days of the homologation inspection, copies of the 1, 2 & 3 homologation forms and drawings will be available on the FIM website.

2.9.6 HOMOLOGATION APPLICATION, INSPECTION AND CONTROL

-Only the original manufacturer may submit a request to the FIM CCR Secretariat for the homologation of a motorcycle.

-In case of failing the inspection, the original manufacturer may apply for a new homologation, to a maximum of 2 more times in the same year, in each racing class.

-The inspection of the motorcycle parts consigned by the manufacturer for homologation will be carried out according to the information requested on the forms produced by the FIM (Homologation Forms 1, 2 and 3).

-The manufacturer must consign to the FIM the following parts:
- Complete engine, including carburation instruments
- Main frame
- Swing arm and wheel spindles
- Suspension linkages
- Front fork crowns

-These parts will be checked in presence of manufacturer's representatives and stored by the FIM in sealed boxes and moved by the Promoter to the SBK Championship events at the Superbike Technical Director's discretion

-The inspector/s must satisfy himself/themselves that the statements made on the production certificate (Form 2) are correct.

-At the end of the parts and documents inspection, the inspector/s will sign the completed certificate of homologation. These signed homologation forms indicate that the manufacturer complies with the specifications mentioned on the homologation forms.


-The FIM may check motorcycles homologated by FIM present in the dealers or importers shops. The motorcycles must be in conformity with the homologated model. The expenses for the disassembling of maximum two (2) units will be borne by the manufacturer.

-In case of not achieved minimum production numbers in the prescribed time-limit, all the points counting towards the Manufacturers' Championship in the current year will be withdrawn and further penalties may also be imposed.

-Once a motorcycle has obtained the homologation, it may be used for racing in the corresponding class for a maximum period of 5 years, or until such time that the homologated motorcycle no longer complies with the technical rules.

-The Manufacturer of the homologated model can request an extension of a homologation before the end of the 5 year homologation period. The FIM may grant an extension of the homologation period for an additional 2 years. The fee for this extension of the homologation period will be double the normal fee.

-A homologation or an extension of the homologation will be granted only if the fee has been paid.

2.9.7 PARTS AND PRODUCT UPDATE

Any change in the specifications of the following parts of a FIM homologated motorcycle will require a new homologation of the model:

-Crankcase
-Cylinder
-Cylinder head
-Crankshaft, connecting rods
-Camshafts, valves
-Carburation instruments
-Frame: main dimensions [in relation to wheelbase, caster, steering head angle, relative location of the swing-arm, relative location of rear shock absorber(s) and linkages]
-New range of engine prefix numbers
-New range of frame prefix numbers

2.9.8 HOMOLOGATION OF PARTS AND PRODUCT UPDATE

-Product updates on parts other than those stated in Article 2.9.7, such as the fairing or wheels require a homologation update.

-The manufacturer must send a notice to the FIM CCR Secretariat requesting for a homologation update not later than 30 days before the first race in which the model containing new parts will compete.

-With the formal notice, the manufacturer is required to send the 1, 2 and 3 homologation forms, together with all relating documentation about the parts and product update (the drawings of the old and new products/parts, etc.) including a statement with the VIN-Number pertinent to the updated parts and product, to the FIM CCR Secretariat, both in paper and electronic form.

-At the latest within one (1) week before the homologation inspection by the FIM, manufacturers must ensure that the parts requested by the FIM are received at the indicated place which will be in a European state.

-Only motorcycles that have higher VIN numbers than those stated by the manufacturer are allowed to race using the new updated parts.

-The FIM will charge half of the homologation fee for a homologation update.

-The FIM will withdraw the homologation if these rules are not respected.